Part 2: Architecting Your Angular Application with Microfrontends

Part 2: Architecting Your Angular Application with Microfrontends

Welcome back to our series on microfrontends with Angular. After introducing the concept and its benefits in the first part, we now turn our attention to the critical phase of architecting your Angular application with microfrontends. This stage is where strategic planning meets technical execution, requiring a thoughtful approach to defining your microfrontend architecture and choosing the right composition approach. Let's dive in.

Defining Your Microfrontend Architecture

The foundation of a successful microfrontend strategy begins with a thoughtful segmentation of your application. This segmentation involves identifying distinct features or domains that can operate as standalone units, yet cohesively contribute to the overall application.

Identifying Domains for Microfrontends

The process starts with mapping out your application's functionalities and categorizing them into domains that make sense both from a business and a technical perspective. For instance, an e-commerce application might be divided into product catalog, shopping cart, user profile, and checkout microfrontends.

Factors to Consider

  • User Journey: Trace the user's path through the application to identify natural separations between different application areas.

  • Data Coupling: Look for areas of the application that can operate with minimal dependencies on others. The goal is to minimize tightly coupled data dependencies to enhance autonomy.

  • Technology Stack: Microfrontends allow for the use of different technology stacks. However, when working within the Angular ecosystem, consider how different versions or configurations of Angular can coexist.

Criteria for Effective Segmentation

Effective segmentation ensures that each microfrontend is responsible for a distinct, self-contained functionality. This isolation enhances the ability to develop, test, and deploy updates independently, fostering agility and reducing complexity.

Choosing a Composition Approach

After defining the microfrontend architecture, deciding how these microfrontends will be composed into the final application is critical. This decision impacts development workflows, deployment strategies, and the end-user experience.

Build-Time Integration

Build-time integration involves compiling all microfrontends into a single bundled application during the build process. This approach benefits from streamlined deployment and potentially better performance due to fewer runtime dependencies and reduced HTTP requests.

Considerations for Build-Time Integration

  • Simplicity: This approach is generally simpler to implement, as it relies on standard build tools and processes.

  • Interdependency: Since all microfrontends are bundled together, careful management of dependencies and versions is crucial to prevent conflicts.

Run-Time Integration

Run-time integration treats each microfrontend as a dynamically loaded module, allowing for more flexibility and independence. This method is particularly well-suited for large teams or applications that require frequent updates to individual components.

Techniques for Run-Time Integration

  • Angular Elements: Package microfrontends as custom elements using Angular Elements, enabling them to be loaded dynamically as needed.

  • Web Components: Utilize the Web Components standard for creating encapsulated and reusable custom elements, which can be integrated into any web application, including Angular.

  • Module Federation: Leverage Webpack's Module Federation to dynamically load separate bundles at runtime, allowing different microfrontends to share dependencies without reloading them.

Advantages of Run-Time Integration

  • Flexibility: Independently deploy updates to microfrontends without redeploying the entire application.

  • Scalability: Easily add or remove microfrontends as the application grows or evolves.

Making the Right Choice

The choice between build-time and run-time integration hinges on your specific project needs, including development speed, scalability requirements, and team dynamics. Run-time integration offers greater flexibility and independence but at the cost of increased complexity and potential performance considerations. Conversely, build-time integration provides a simpler, more unified approach but may limit the agility and scalability benefits that microfrontends promise.


Architecting an Angular application with microfrontends is a nuanced process that requires careful consideration of how to segment your application and how to compose those segments into a cohesive whole. Whether you opt for build-time or run-time integration, the goal is to enhance your application's modularity, facilitate independent development and deployment, and ultimately create a more scalable and maintainable system. As we move forward in this series, we'll explore the practical aspects of implementing these architectural decisions to build a robust Angular microfrontend application.